Building a Civil Rights Agenda: The Democratic Party and the Origins of Racial Liberalism
My dissertation project investigates the construction of the mid-20th century civil rights agenda in national U.S. politics. I examine how northern Democratic Party politicians responded to pressures from constituents and interest groups on issues of race during party realignment. Using an original dataset of over 3,500 civil rights bills proposed during 1933-68, I trace how certain proposals became central to northern Democrats’ agenda while others were neglected or excluded. I further analyze congressional hearings, floor debates, archival records, and public opinion data to explain these agenda-setting decisions. By tracing and explaining the construction of the civil rights legislative agenda, the project sheds light on the origins and limits of mid-century “racial liberalism.” The project also contributes to social science debates on realignment and agency in political parties.
Research on public policy
Civil rights and social welfare policy
This set of projects examines the impact of civil rights law and policy on social policy in the United States after the 1960s. The first study investigates the distinctive gender-neutral and broad-coverage design of US family and medical leave policy, arguing that its origins lie in contestation over civil rights law. This study is published in Studies in American Political Development (ungated here). I wrote summaries of the study for 3Streams and the Gender Policy Report.
The second study systematically examines the impact of civil rights law on social policy across multiple cases. A working paper is available upon request.
Policymaking through judicial action and democratic accountability
In a collaborative project with Warren Snead, we examine how the Republican Party has used favorable outcomes in the Supreme Court to avoid taking risky legislative action in Congress. We argue that Republicans are able to invoke conceptions of the Court as apolitical or independent to narrow the scope of partisan conflict. Republicans’ ability to achieve policy change in this way, we argue, poses a serious threat to democratic accountability. A manuscript is under review and available on request.
Research on racial inequality
Partisanship and racial politics in the Civil War
My co-authored article with Nathan Kalmoe, published in the Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics (ungated here), examines the distinct motives of the mass public, activists, and elites in the U.S. Civil War. We argue that partisanship better explains white northerners’ war participation than their racial views, and suggest that parties can act as a potent force in mobilizing the mass public even when their preferences do not align with the goals or outcomes of a political conflict.
Immigration policy and politics
In an article co-authored with Natalie Masuoka and Jane Junn, we argue that rates of participation among Asian Americans must be interpreted in light of the structural barriers that the large proportion of non-citizens in this group face. This study is published in Political Research Quarterly. We summarized the findings at the LSE US Centre’s American Politics and Policy blog.
In a working paper, I argue that the “waiting period” between immigrants’ arrival in the U.S. and their naturalization is a critical socialization period that affects their participation in electoral politics. In this way, immigration policy structures unequal access to political participation for immigrants.
White racial attitudes
My collaborative project with Denzel Avant and Brianna White examines the impact of knowledge about racial disparities on support for criminal justice policies among whites. A working paper is available upon request.
I co-conducted the Chicago Metropolitan Area Neighborhood Survey (CMANS), with Tom Ogorzalek, Matt Nelsen, Reuel Rogers, and Traci Burch. The survey included oversamples of rapidly changing neighborhoods and suburbs in the Chicago area. With Tom Ogorzalek and Matt Nelsen, I am working on two papers on political behavior in gentrifying neighborhoods. A manuscript is available upon request.
For a full list of working papers and conference presentations, see my CV.